My publications


Weller, E., K. Shelton, M. J. Reeder, and C. Jakob, 2017: Precipitation Associated with Convergence Lines. J. Clim., in press.

Peters, K., T. Crueger, C. Jakob, and B. Moebis, 2017: Improved MJO-simulation in ECHAM6.3 by coupling a Stochastic Multicloud Model to the convection scheme. J. Adv. Model. Earth. Sys., in press.

Badlan, R. L., T. P. Lane, M. W. Moncrieff, and C. Jakob, 2017: Insights into convective momentum transport and its parametrisation from idealised simulations of organised convection Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc., submitted.


Fletcher, J., S. Mason, and C. Jakob, 2016: A climatology of clouds in marine cold air outbreaks in both hemispheres. J. Clim., 29, 6677-6692, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0783.1.

Kumar, V. V., A. Protat, C. Jakob, C. R. Williams, S. Rauniyar, G. L. Stephens, and P. T. May, 2016: The Estimation of Convective Mass Flux from Radar Reflectivities. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 55, 1239–1257, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0193.1.

Bergemann, M., and C. Jakob, 2016: How important is tropospheric humidity for coastal rainfall in the tropics? Geophys. Res. Let., 43, 5860–5868, doi:10.1002/2016GL069255.

Fletcher, J., S. Mason, and C. Jakob, 2016: The Climatology, Meteorology, and Boundary Layer Structure of Marine Cold Air Outbreaks in Both Hemispheres. J. Clim., 29, 1999–2014, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0268.1.


Catto, J. L., C. Jakob, and N. Nicholls, 2015: Can the CMIP5 models represent winter frontal precipitation? Geophys. Res. Lett. , 42, 8596–8604, doi:10.1002/2015GL066015.

Ackerley, D., G. Berry, C. Jakob, Reeder, M.J., and J. Schwendicke, 2015: Summertime precipitation over northern Australia in AMIP simulations from CMIP5. Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc, 141, 1753-1768, doi:10.1002/qj.2476.

Mason, S., J. Fletcher, J. Haynes, C. Franklin, A. Protat, and C. Jakob, 2015: A hybrid cloud regime methodology used to evaluate Southern Ocean cloud and shortwave radiation errors in ACCESS. J. Clim., 28 6001-6018, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00846.1.

Schwendike J., G.J. Berry, M.J. Reeder, C. Jakob, P. Govekar, and R. Wardle, 2015: Trends in the Local Hadley and Local Walker Circulations. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 7599-7618, doi:10.1002/2014JD022652.

Bergemann, M., C. Jakob, and T. P. Lane, 2015: Global Detection and Analysis of Coastline-Associated Rainfall Using an Objective Pattern Recognition Technique. J. Clim., 28, 7225-7236, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0098.1.

Bony, S., B. Stevens, D.M.W. Frierson, C. Jakob, M. Kageyama, R. Pincus, T. G. Shepherd, S.C. Sherwood, A.P. Siebesma, A.H. Sobel, M. Watanabe, M.J. Webb, 2015: Clouds, Circulation and Climate Sensitivity. Nature Geoscience, 8, 261-268.

Tan, J., C. Jakob, W. B. Rossow, and G. Tselioudis, 2015: Recent increases in tropical rainfall driven by changes in frequency of organised deep convection. Nature, 519, 451-454.

Tan, J., C. Jakob, and T. P. Lane, 2015: The Consequences of a Local Approach in Statistical Models of Convection on its Large-Scale Coherence. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 931-944.

Dorrestijn, J., D.T. Crommelin, A.P. Siebesma, H.J.J. Jonker, and C. Jakob, 2015: Stochastic parameterization of convective area fractions with a multicloud model inferred from observational data J. Atmos. Sci., 72, 854-869.

Kumar, V. V., C. Jakob, A. Protat, C. R. Williams, and P.T. May, 2015: Mass-flux characteristics of tropical cumulus clouds from wind profiler observations at Darwin, Australia J. Atmos. Sci., 72, 1837-1855.


Kumar, V. V., A. Protat, C. Jakob, and P.T. May, 2014: On the atmospheric regulation of the growth of moderate to deep cumulonimbus in a tropical environment J. Atmos. Sci. , 71, 1105-1120.

Schwendicke J., P. Govekar, M.J. Reeder, R. Wardle, G.J. Berry, and C. Jakob, 2014: Local Partitioning of the Overturning Circulation in the Tropics and the Connection to the Hadley and Walker Circulation. J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1322-1339, doi:10.1002/2013JD020742.

Petch, J., A. Hill, L. Davies, A. Fridlind, C. Jakob, Y. Lin, S. Xie, and P. Zhu, 2014: Evaluation of intercomparisons of four different types of models simulating TWP-ICE Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 140, 826–837, DOI: 10.1002/qj.2192.

Govekar, P.D., C. Jakob, and J. Catto, 2014: The relationship between clouds and dynamics in Southern Hemisphere extratropical cyclones in the real world and a climate model. J. Geophys. Res. , 119 6609-6628.

Raut, B. A., C. Jakob, and M. J. Reeder, 2014: Rainfall Changes over Southwestern Australia and their Relationship to the Southern Annular Mode and ENSO J. Clim., 27, 5801-5814.

Mason, S., C. Jakob, A. Protat and J. Delanoe, 2014: Characterizing Observed Midtopped Cloud Regimes Associated with Southern Ocean Shortwave Radiation Biases J. Clim., 27, 6189-6203.

Ackerley, D., G. Berry, C. Jakob, and M. J. Reeder, 2014: The roles of diurnal forcing and large‐scale moisture transport for initiating rain over northwest Australia in a GCM Quart. J. Royal Meteor. Soc, 140, 2515-2526.

Catto, J. L., N. Nicholls, C. Jakob, and K. L. Shelton, 2014: Atmospheric Fronts in Current and Future Climates. Geophys. Res. Let., 41, 7642-7650.


Caine, S., T. P Lane, P. May, C. Jakob, M. J. Manton, S. T. Siems, and J. Pinto, 2013: Statistical assessment of tropical convection-permitting model simulations using a cell-tracking algorithm. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 557-581, DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00274.1.

Tan, J. and C. Jakob, 2013: A three-hourly dataset of the state of tropical convection based on cloud regimes Geophys. Res. Let., 40, 1415–1419, doi:10.1002/grl.50294.

Long, C. N., S. A. McFarlane, , A. DelGenio, P. Minnis, J. Mather, J. Comstock, J. Mace, M. Jensen, C. Jakob, and T. P. Ackerman, 2013: ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific - A Decade and Counting Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 94, 695-708.

Kumar, V., A. Protat, P. T. May, C. Jakob, G. Penide, S. Kumar, and L. Davies, 2013: On the effects of large-scale environment and surface conditions on convective cloud characteristics over Darwin, Australia. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 1358-1374.

Williams, K.D., A. Bodas-Salcedo, M. Deque, S. Fermepin, B. Medeiros, M. Watanabe, C. Jakob, S.A. Klein, C.A. Senior and D.L. Williamson, 2013: The Transpose-AMIP II experiment and its application to the understanding of Southern Ocean cloud biases in climate models. J. Clim., 26, 3258-3274.

Tan, J., C. Jakob, and T. P. Lane, 2013: On the Identification of the Large-Scale Properties of Tropical Convection using Cloud Regimes. J. Clim., 26, 6618–6632, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00624.

Peters, K., C. Jakob, L. Davies, B. Khouider, and A. J. Majda, 2013: Stochastic behavior of tropical convection in observations and a multicloud model. J. Atmos. Sci. , 70. 3556–3575

Kumar, V. V., C. Jakob, A. Protat, P. May, L. Davies, 2013: The four cumulus cloud modes and their progression during rainfall events: A C-band Polarimetric radar perspective. J. Geophys. Res. , 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50640.

Davies, L., C. Jakob, K. Cheung, A. DelGenio, A. Hill, T. Hume, R. J. Keane, T. Komori, V. E. Larson, Y. Lin, B. J. Nielsen, J. Petch, R. S. Plant, M. S. Singh, X. Shi, X. Song, W. Wang, M. A. Whitall, A. Wolf, S. Xie, G. Zhang, 2013: A Single Column Model Ensemble approach applied to the TWP-ICE experiment. J. Geophys. Res. , 118, 6544-6563, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50450.

Davies, L., C. Jakob, P. May, V. V. Kumar, S. Xie, 2013: Relationships between the large-scale atmosphere and the small-scale state for Darwin, Australia. J. Geophys. Res. , 118, 11534–11545, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50645.

Catto, J. L., C. Jakob, and N. Nicholls, 2013: A global evaluation of fronts and precipitation in the ACCESS model. Austr. Meteorol. Oceanogr. J., 63, 191-203.


Catto, J. L., C. Jakob, G. Berry, and N. Nicholls, 2012: Relating global precipitation to atmospheric fronts. Geophys. Res. Let., 39, L10805, doi:10.1029/2012GL051736.

Catto, J. L., C. Jakob, and N. Nicholls, 2012: The Influence of Changes in Synoptic Regimes on North Australian Wet Season Rainfall Trends. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D10102, doi:10.1029/2012JD017472.

Franklin, C., C. Jakob, M. Dix, A. Protat, G. Roff 2012: Assessing the performance of a prognostic and a diagnostic cloud scheme using single column model simulations of TWP-ICE. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. , 138, 734-754.

Catto, J. L., N. Nicholls, and C. Jakob, 2012: North Australian sea surface temperatures and the El Nino Southern Oscillation in observations and models J. Clim. , 25, 5011-5029.

Waliser, D. E., M. Moncrieff, D. Burrridge, A. H. Fink, D. Gochis, B. N. Goswami, B. Guan, P. Harr, J. Heming, H.-H. Hsu, C. Jakob, M. Janiga, R. Johnson, S. Jones, P. Knippertz, J. Marengo, H. Nguyen, M. Pope, Y. Serra, C. Thorncroft, M. Wheeler, R. Wood, S. Yuter, 2012: The "Year" of Tropical Convection (May 2008 to April 2010): Climate Variability and Weather Highlights. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 93, 1189–1218.

Catto, J. L., N. Nicholls, and C. Jakob, 2012: North Australian sea surface temperatures and the El Nino Southern Oscillation in the CMIP5 models. J. Clim., 25, 6375–6382.

Berry, G., M. Reeder, and C. Jakob 2012: Coherent synoptic disturbances in the Australian monsoon. J. Clim., 25, 8409-8421.


Berry, G., M. Reeder, and C. Jakob 2011: A global climatology of atmospheric fronts. Geophys. Res. Let., 38 , L04809, doi:10.1029/2010GL046451.

Berry, G., M. Reeder, and C. Jakob 2011: Physical mechanisms regulating summertime rainfall over north-western Australia. J. Clim., 24, 3705-3717.

Protat, A., J. Delanoë, P. T. May, J. Haynes, C. Jakob, E. O'Connor, M. Pope, and M. C. Wheeler, 2011: The variability of tropical ice cloud properties as a function of the large-scale context from ground-based radar-lidar observations over Darwin, Australia. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11 , 8363–8384.

Haynes, J. M., C. Jakob, W. B. Rossow, G. Tselioudis, J. Brown, 2011: Major characteristics of Southern Ocean cloud regimes and their effects on the energy budget. J. Clim., 24, 5061-5080.

Teixeira, J., S. Cardoso, M. Bonazzola, J. Cole, A. DelGenio, C. DeMott, C. Franklin, C. Hannay, C. Jakob, Y. Jiao, J. Karlsson, H. Kitagawa, M. Koehler, A. Kuwano-Yoshida, C. LeDrian, A. Lock, M. J. Miller, P. Marquet, J. Martins, C. R. Mechoso, E. van Meijgaard, I. Meinke, P. M. A. Miranda, D. Mironov, R. Neggers, H. L. Pan, D. A. Randall, P. J. Rasch, B. Rockel, W. B. Rossow, B. Ritter, A. P. Siebesma, P. Soares, F. J. Turk, P. A. Vaillancourt, A. von Engelen, M. Zhao, 2011: Tropical and sub-tropical cloud transitions in weather and climate prediction models: The GCSS/WGNE Pacific Cross Section Intercomparison (GPCI). J. Clim., 24, 5223-5257.

Govekar, P. D., C. Jakob, M. J. Reeder, and J. M. Haynes, 2011: The three-dimensional distribution of clouds around Southern Hemisphere extratropical cyclones. Geophys. Res. Let., 38, L21805, doi:10.1029/2011GL049091.

Berry, G., M. Reeder, and C. Jakob 2011: Recent global trends in atmospheric fronts. Geophys. Res. Let., 38 , L21812, doi:10.1029/2011GL049481.

Jakob, C., L. Davies, V. Kumar, and P. May, 2011: Representing convection in models - How stochastic does it need to be? Proceedings of the ECWMF Workshop on "Representing Model Uncertainty and Error in Weather and Climate Prediction", ECMWF, June 2011.


Brown, J., C. Jakob, and J. Haynes, 2010: Rainfall Frequency and Intensity over Australia and their Association with the Atmospheric Circulation in a Global Climate Model. J. Clim., 23, 6504-6525.

Jakob, C., 2010: Accelerating progress in global atmospheric model development through improved parametrizations - Challenges, opportunities and strategies Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 91, 869-875.

Xie, S., T. Hume, C. Jakob, S. A. Klein, R. McCoy, and M. Zhang, 2010: Observed Large-Scale Structures and Diabatic Heating and Drying Profiles during TWP-ICE. J. Climate, 23, 57-79.

Wapler, K., T. P. Lane, C. Jakob, M. J. Manton, and S. T. Siems, 2010: Cloud-resolving model simulations of tropical cloud systems observed during the Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment. Mon. Wea. Rev., 138, 55-73.


Pope, M., C. Jakob, and M. Reeder, 2009: Variability of the North Australian Monsoon J. Climate, 22 , 6699-6715.

Caine, S., C. Jakob, S. Siems and P. May, 2009: Objective Classification of Precipitating Convective Regimes Using a Weather Radar in Darwin (Australia). Mon. Wea. Rev., 137 , 1585–1600.

Pope, M., C. Jakob, and M. Reeder, 2009: Objective Classification of Tropical Mesoscale Convective Systems. J. Climate, 22, 5797-5808.

Zhu, H., H.Hendon, and C. Jakob, 2009: Convection in a parametrized and super-parametrized model and its role in the representation of the MJO. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 2796-2811.


Pope, M., C. Jakob, and M. Reeder, 2008: Convective Systems of the North Australian Monsoon. J. Climate, 21, 5091-5112.

Jakob, C., and C. Schumacher, 2008: Precipitation and latent heating characteristics of the major Tropical Western Pacific cloud regimes. J. Climate, 21, 4348-4364.

May, P. T., J. H. Mather, G. Vaughan, C. Jakob, G. M. McFarquhar, K. N. Bower, and G. G. Mace, 2008: The Tropcical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc, 89, 629-645.

May, P. T., J. H. Mather, G. Vaughan, and C. Jakob, 2008: Characterizing oceanic convective cloud systems - The Tropcical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc, 89, 153-155.


Hume, T., and C. Jakob, 2007: Ensemble Single Column Model (ESCM) Validation in the Tropical Western Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D10206, doi:10:1029/2006JD008018.


Jakob, C., G. Tselioudis, and T. Hume, 2005: The radiative, cloud and thermodynamic properties of the major Tropical Western Pacific cloud regimes. J. Climate, 18, 1203-1215.

Hume, T., and C. Jakob, 2005: Ensemble Single Column Modelling (ESCM) in the Tropical Western Pacific: Forcing Datasets and Uncertainty Analysis. J. Geophys. Res., 110, D13109, doi:10.1029/2004JD005704.

Rossow W. B., G. Tselioudis, A. Polak, C. Jakob, 2005: Tropical climate described as a distribution of weather states indicated by distinct mesoscale cloud property mixtures. Geophys. Res. Let., 32, L21812, doi:10.1029/2005GL024584.


Jakob, C., 2004: Cloud regimes, model evaluation and model development. GEWEX News, November 2004.

Jakob, C., R. Pincus, C. Hannay and K.-M. Xu, 2004: The use of cloud radar observations for model evaluation: A probabilistic approach. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D03202, doi: 10.1029/2003JD003473.

Comstock J. M., and C. Jakob, 2004: Evaluation of tropical cirrus cloud properties and dynamical processes derived from ECMWF model output and ground-based measurements over Nauru island. Geophys. Res. Let., 31, L10106, doi:10.1029/2004GL019539.

Siebesma, A. P., C. Jakob, G. Lenderink, R. Neggers, J. Teixeira, J. Calvo, A. Chlond, H. Grenier, C. Jones, M. Koehler, H. Kitagawa, P. Marquet, A. Lock, F. Mueller, D. Olmeda, C. Severijn, 2004: Cloud representation in General Circulation Models over the Northern Pacific Ocean: A EUROCS intercomparison study. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 130, 3245-3267.


Jakob, C. and G. Tselioudis, 2003: Objective identification of cloud regimes in the Tropical Western Pacific. Geophys. Res. Let., 30, 2082, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018367.

Jakob, C., 2003: An improved strategy for the evaluation of cloud parametrizations in GCMs. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc, 84, 1387-1401.

Jakob, C. and A. P. Siebesma, 2003: A new subcloud model for mass-flux convection schemes - Influence on triggering, updraught properties and model climate. Mon.Wea.Rev., 131, 2765-2778.

Jakob, C. and G. Tselioudis, 2003: How representative are the cloud regimes at the TWP sites? - An ISCCP perspective. Proceedings of the Thirteenth ARM Science Team Meeting, March 31 to April 4, 2003, Broomfield, Colorado


Jakob, C., 2002: Cloud parametrization - Progress, Problems and Prospects. ECMWF Seminar on Key issues in parametrization , ECMWF, November 2001, 327-338.

Jakob, C., 2002: Ice clouds in Numerical Weather Prediction models - progress, problems and prospects. In "Cirrus" , edited by David K. Lynch et al., Oxford University Press, 327-345.

Betts, A. K., and C. Jakob, 2002: Evaluation of the diurnal cycle of precipitation, surface thermodynamics and surface fluxes in the ECMWF model using LBA data. J. Geophys. Res., 107, 8045, doi: 10.1029/2001JD000427.

Betts, A. K., and C. Jakob, 2002: Study of the diurnal cycle of convective precipitation over Amazonia using a single column model. J. Geophys. Res., 107, 4732, doi: 10.1029/2002JD002264.

Doran, J. C., S. Zhong, J. C. Liljegren and C. Jakob, 2002: A comparison of cloud properties at a coastal and inland site at the North Slope of Alaska. J. Geophys. Res, 107, 10.1029/2001JD000819.

Tselioudis, G. and C. Jakob, 2002: Evaluation of Midlatitude cloud properties in a weather and a climate model: Dependence on dynamic regime and spatial resolution. Accepted by J. Geophys. Res.,107, 10.1029/2002JD002259.


Jakob, C., 2001: The representation of cloud cover in atmospheric general circulation models. PhD thesis, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, 193 pp.

Chevallier, F., P. Bauer, G. Kelly, C. Jakob, and T. McNally 2001: Model clouds over oceans as seen from space: comparison with HIRS/2 and MSU radiances. J.Clim, 14, 4216-4229.

Hogan, R. J., C. Jakob, and A. J. Illingworth, 2001: Comparison of ECMWF winter-season cloud fraction with radar derived values. J. Appl. Meteorol., 40, 513-525.


Jakob, C. and S.A. Klein, 2000: A parametrization of cloud and precipitation overlap effects for use in General Circulation Models. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 126, 2525-2544

Jakob, C., 2000: The evaluation of cloud parametrizations in GCMs - Are we doing the best we can? ECMWF/EuroTRMM Workshop on Assimilation of Clouds and Precipitation, Reading, UK, 6-9 November 2000.

Jakob, C., E. Andersson, A. Beljaars, R. Buizza, M. Fisher, E. Gerard, A. Ghelli, P. Janssen, G. Kelly, A.P. McNally, M. Miller, A. Simmons, J. Teixeira, P. Viterbo, 2000: The IFS cycle CY21R4 made operational in October 1999, ECMWF Newsletter, 87, 2-9.

Beesley, J. A., C. S. Bretherton, C. Jakob, E. Andreas, J. Intrieri, and T. Uttal, 2000: A comparison of ECMWF model output with observations at SHEBA. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 12337-12349

Chevallier, F., P. Bauer, G. A. Kelly, C. Jakob, and A. P. McNally, 2000: Comparison between TOVS data and the ECMWF model in the presence of clouds. Int. TOVS Study Conference, Budapest, Hungary, 20-26 September 2000.

Chevallier, F., P. Bauer, G. A. Kelly, J.-F. Mahfouf, C. Jakob, A. P. McNally, 2000: Requirements for the assimilation of cloudy radiances. ECMWF/ EuroTRMM Workshop on Assimilation of Clouds and Precipitation, Reading, UK, 6-9 November 2000.

Curry, J. A., P. V. Hobbs, M. D. King, D. A. Randall, P. Minnis, G. A. Isaac, J. O. Pinto, T. Uttal, A. Bucholtz, D. G. Cripe, H. Gerber, C. W. Fairall, T. J. Garrett, J. Hudson, J. M. Intrieri, C. Jakob, T. Jensen, P. Lawson, D. Marcotte, L. Nguyen, P. Pielewski, A. Rangno, D. C. Rogers, K. B. Strawbridge, F. P. J. Valero, A. G. Williams, D. Wylie, 2000: FIRE Arctic clouds experiment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81, 5-29.

Gregory, D., J.-J. Morcrette, C. Jakob, A. C. M. Beljaars, and T. Stockdale, 2000: Revision of convection, radiation and cloud schemes in the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 126, 1685-1710.

Morcrette, J.-J., and C. Jakob, 2000: The response of the ECMWF model to changes in cloud overlap assumption. Mon. Wea. Rev. , 128,1707-1732.

Ryan, B. F., J. J. Katzfey, D. J. Abbs, C. Jakob, U. Lohmann, B. Rockel, L. D. Rotstayn, R. E. Stewart, K. K. Szeto, G. Tselioudis, and M. K. Yau, 2000: Simulation of a cold front using cloud-resolving, limited-area, and large-scale models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 3218-3235.


Jakob, C., and S. A. Klein, 1999: The role of vertically varying cloud fraction in the parametrization of microphysical processes in the ECMWF model. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 125, 941-965.

Klein, S. A., and C. Jakob, 1999: Validation and sensitivities of frontal clouds simulated by the ECMWF model. Mon. Wea. Rev. , 127 , 2514-2531

Mahfouf, J.-F., A. C. M. Beljaars, F. Chevallier, D. Gregory, C. Jakob, M. Janiskova, J.-J. Morcrette, and P. Viterbo, 1999: The importance of the Earth Radiation Mission for numerical weather prediction. ECMWF Technical Memorandum, 288, 77 pp.

Simmons, A. J., A. Untch, C. Jakob, P. Kallberg, and P. Unden, 1999: Stratospheric water vapour and tropical tropopause temperatures in the ECMWF analyses and multi-year simulations. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc.125, 353-386.


Andersson, E., J. Haseler, P. Unden, P. Courtier, G. Kelly, D. Vasiljevic, C. Brankovic, C. Cardinali, C.Gaffard, A. Hollingsworth, C. Jakob, P. Janssen, E. Klinker,A. Lanzinger, M. Miller, F. Rabier, A. Simmons, B. Strauss, J-N. Thepaut and P. Viterbo, 1998: The ECMWF implementation of three dimensional variational assimilation (3DVar). Part III: Experimental results . Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc ., 124 , 1831-1860.

Mace, G.G., C. Jakob, and K. P. Moran, 1998: Validation of hydrometeor occurrence predicted by the ECMWF model using millimeter wave radar data. Geophys. Res. Let., 25, 1645-1648.

Stephens, G. L., C. Jakob, and M. Miller, 1998: Atmospheric ice - a major gap in understanding the effects of clouds on climate. GEWEX Newsletter,8, no. 1.


Jakob, C. and Rizzi, R., 1997: Evaluation of model OLR in cloudy regions using TOVS-1B data. Proc. of  the Ninth International TOVS Study Conf. , Igls, Austria, 197-206.


Jakob, C., and J.-J. Morcrette, 1995: Sensitivity of the ECMWF model to the treatment of the ice phase. In Cloud Microphysics Parameterizations in Global Atmospheric Circulation Models, WMO/TD-No. 713, 37-46.

Miller, M.J., M. Hortal, and C. Jakob, 1995: A major operational model change. ECMWF Newsletter, 70, 2-8.


Jakob, C., 1994: The Impact of the New Cloud Scheme on ECMWF's Integrated Forecasting System (IFS),  Proceedings of ECMWF/GEWEX Workshop on Modelling, Validation and Assimilation of Clouds, ECMWF, November 1994