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Locality: Transposition and the Role of Melt in Strain Distribution
2004-2011 by Roberto Weinberg. All rights reserved. Unlimited
copy or use is hereby granted for non-profit driven enterprise, subject
to inclusion of this copyright
notice and acknowledgment of the source URL: users.monash.edu.au/~weinberg.
I would very much appreciate an email stating how this material will be used: Roberto Weinberg, Monash University, Australia. Thanks, RW.
DISCLAIMER. The material on this website has not undergone the scrutiny of Monash University and does not conform to its corporate web design. It is entirely based on a free-spritied, curiosity-driven research effort by the author, and therefore in no way expresses the official position of the University.
Unmelted, gently folded pelitic layers, truncated E and W by transposed , high strain, melt-rich, heterogeneous layers (south is towards the top of the figure). Details of this panorama are shown below.
|The Monuments Locality,
NE of Broken Hill, in Sundown Group rocks,
records the heterogeneous behaviour of pelites and psammites. The
Na-poor pelites do not melt at the peak metamorphic conditions in this
locality, but the psammites do. The melt-rich psammite-dominated
regions become disrupted by granitic melt flow. The original tectonic
foliation and bedding become transposed into the axial planar
orientation of F2 and more refractory layers become disrupted. These
high strain zones loose some or most of their melts, producing
heterogeneous bands rich in refractory material, and cushioning the
more competent pelite-rich areas from the impact of deformation. The
result is that in between these melt-rich high strain zones,weakly
folded pelite boudins are preserved.
This outcrop is included in the excursion because it demonstrates the role of melt in deformation and because, similar to the issue of permeability of rocks, it shows that it is not the small scale viscosity of partially molten rocks as measured in the laboratory that controls the behaviour of rock masses, but it is their ability to take up strain which is fundamentally controlled by the dynamically changing geometrical distribution of channelways through the rock mass.
|A) West side of the
open fold in the pelite, showing truncation and fragments of pelites in
zone transposed to the axial planar orientation
of F2 (N30E).
|B) West side of the open
fold in the pelite, and breccia-like
distribution of fragments.
|C) East side of the open
fold in the pelite, showing truncation.