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Rhyolite-Basalt-Soft Sediment Relationships at Bunga Beds, Aragunnu, Mimosa Rocks, Southern NSW, Australia
2004-2011 by Roberto Weinberg. All rights reserved. Unlimited
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|Figure 1a) Map indicating key localities referred to on the text.|
|Figure 2a) Hexagonal pattern of columnar jointing. This dominates the northern part of the map in Fig. 1 above.||Figure 2b) Columns.|
|Figure 3a) Vertical wall showing contact between banded rhyolite forming the margins of a cryptodome, and remobilized black shale.||Figure 3b) Same.|
|Figure 3c) In the surroundings of the rhyolite cryptodome in Fig. 3a-b, the shore platform exposes another cryptodome, but this is a basaltic one, intruding and disrupting a sequence of black shales, with grey sand layers, intruded by irregular dykelets of basalt giving rise to a peperite. There is also evidence for mobilization of coarse terrigenous sandstone layers, with continental quartz clasts to form intrusive dykes. This photograph shows two main type of intrusive dykes: one a sandstone dyke, the other a massive beige basalt (box indicates approximate positions of figures d and e).||Figure 3d) Coarse sandstone dyke (see Fig. 3a for position).|
|Figure 3e) Massive beige basalt intrusion brecciated at contact with surroundings (see Fig. 3a for position).||Figure 3f) Massive beige basalt intrusion cross-cutting bedding in shale.|
|Figure 3g) Coarse sandstonte intrusion.||Figure 3h) Intrusive dykelets of basalt into shale. Notice at top left, the in situ brecciation of the rhyolite, demonstrating multiple or evolving responses to contact with shale.|
|Figure 3i) Coarse sandstone intrusion wedging layering in turbidites and eroding it. Notice that on the top part the sandstone has narrow dark flakes of sedimentary rock, 2 cm long.|
|Figure 4a) Intimate ductile relationship between intruding basalt and soft sediment.||Figure 4b) Same relationship in a block in the intrusive basalt-sediment breccia in Fig. 6 in Cas et al. 1990.|
|Figure 4c) The break up and effective mixing of rhyolite with sediments. Note gradients in density of rhyolite clasts away from the lower right to the upper left of the photograph.||Figure 4d) Clast of rhyolite in shale, with two phases of break-up. One that create isolated angular clasts, and the other that created a mixture with sediments that gives rise to fuzzy boundaries.|
|Figure 4e) Two types of behaviour apparent here: ductile and brittle.||Figure 4f) Again two type of break up of rhyolite: one giving rise to angular clasts, the other to fuzzy boundaries with mixture with sediments at grain scale.|
|Figure 5a) From Cras et al. 1990 Figure 6. Massive sediment-rhyolite mass intruding the stratified tuff-cone succession north of Aragunnu Beach, and associated discordant slide surfaces. 1, slide surfaces; 2, intrusive sediment-rhyolite breccia; 3, pumice breccia with crystal-rich matrix; 4, diffusely bedded crystal-rich sandstone (= crystal tuff); 5, bedded fine crystal-poor sandstone (= vitric tuff); 6, diffusely bedded pumice. The black core in the intrusive sediment rhyolite breccia (2) is an up-dragged antiformal mass of bedded black shale. The exposure is orientated east-northeast.||Figure 5b) Photograph of the outcrop in a.|
|Figure 5c) Intrusive margin of dyke into diffusively bedded pumice (6 in Fig. a above). Notice composite nature of the dyke with an internal band rich in elongated clasts absent in the more external band.||Figure 5d) Intrusive relationships between basalt (beige color) and sediment-rhyolite breccia within the dike. Notice clasts of black organic shale clasts and light yellow rhyolite clasts in a grey mixed sediment-rhyolite matrix. Interpretation: basalt was still liquid and present in the core of the breccia dike.|
|Figure 5e) Block of black shale with intrusive bands of rhyolite, within dark grey matrix including an gular blocks of rhyolite on the right.||Figure 5f) Irregular clast of rhyolite within the dike suggesting it was still ductile during dike intrusion.|