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%T Int. Symp. on the Implementation & Application of Functional Languages
%K IFL, IFL15,2003, IFL16,2004, IFL17,2005, IFL18,2006, IFL19,2007, IFL20,2008,
   IFL21,2009, IFL22,2010, IFL23,2011, IFL25,2013, IFL29,2017, IFL30,2018,
   IFL31,2019, IFL32,2020, IFL33,2021
   CFP,conf,wShop,FP,programming,www,HREF,http, zz0821, zz0722
%X [1-3 Sep 2021], online, deadline 17 Aug 2021
   [2-4 Sep 2020], U.Kent, deadline 17 Aug 2020
   [2019 25-27/9], Singapore, deadline 31/5/2019
   [2018 5-7/9], U Mass Lowell, deadline 25/5/2018
   [2017 30/8-1/9] Bristol, deadline 31/7/2017
   ...
   [2004 Sept 8-10] Luebeck .de, deadline 20 Aug '04
      ("application" added to title in 2004)
   [2003 Sept 8-10] Edinburgh (see ISTFP) deadline 22 Aug '03
       LNCS 16pp (w-shop papers *submitted* to a LNCS volume)
   ...an open forum for researchers who wish to present & discuss new ideas...

%A T. A. Tummino
%A et al
%T Drug-induced phospholipidosis confounds drug repurposing for SARS-CoV-2
%V 373
%N 6554
%P 488-489
%M JUL
%D 2021
%K jrnl, MolBio, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, covid-19, covid19, SARS-CoV-2,
   SARSCoV2, antiviral, drug, drugs, inhibitor, phospholipidosis,
   hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin, amiodarone
%X "... we became concerned that phospholipidosis was a shared mechanism
   underlying the antiviral activity of many repurposed drugs. For all of the
   23 cationic amphiphilic drugs we tested, inc. hydroxychloroquine,
   azithromycin, amiodarone, & four others already in clinical trials,
   phospholipidosis was monotonically correlated with antiv. efficacy.
   Conversely, drugs active against the same targets that did not induce
   phospholipidosis were not antiv. Phospholipidosis depends on the physicochem.
   properties of drugs & does not reflect specific target-based activities -
   rather, it may be considered a toxic confound ..."
   -- [doi:10.1126/science.abj9488]['21].

%A A. Madani
%A et al ...
%A N. Naik
%T Deep neural language modeling enables functional protein generation across
   families
%J BioRxiv
%M JUL
%D 2021
%K TR, MolBio, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, ProGen, artificial, new, protein,
   ANN, model, proteins, generate
%X "... Viewing amino acid seqs as a language, we demo. that a deep
   learning-based language model can generate functional artificial protein
   seqs across families, ... Artificial ps. show similar activities & catalytic
   efficiencies as representative natural lysozymes, inc. hen egg white
   lysozyme, while reaching as low as 44% identity to any known
   naturally-evolved p.. The X-ray crystal structure of an enzymatically active
   artificial p. recapitulates the conserved fold & positioning of active site
   residues found in natural ps. ... ProGen is a 1.2 billion- [approx 20^7]
   -parameter NN trained using a publicly available dataset of 280 million
   protein seqs. ..."   (via daz.)
   -- [doi:10.1101/2021.07.18.452833]['21].

%A E. Callaway
%T The mutation that helps Delta spread like wildfire
%J Nauture
%V 596
%P 472-473
%M AUG
%D 2021
%K news, views, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, SARS-CoV-2, SARS2, virus, covid-19,
   alpha, delta, strain, mutation, P681R, infection
%X "... Delta is at least 40% more transmissible than is the Alpha ...
   epidemiological studies suggest. ... groups have zeroed in on a mut'n that
   alters a single [AA] in the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein ... The change,
   which is called P681R ..."
   -- [doi:10.1038/d41586-021-02275-2['21].
   [[Really for the links to 5 preprints.]]

%A T. Tao
%T Almost all orbits of the Collatz map attain almost bounded values
%J arXiv
%M SEP
%D 2019
%K TR, c2019, c201x, c20xx, zz0821, Collatz, problem, Syracuse iteration, 3X+1,
   3Xplus1, 3Nplus1, Tao, Terras, Korec
%X "... Our proof proceeds by establishing an approx. transport property for a
   certain 1st passage random var. assoc. with the Collatz iteration (or more
   precisely, the closely related Syracuse iteration), which in turn follows
   from estimation of the characteristic fn of a certain skew random walk on a
   3-adic cyclic group at high frequs.. This estimation is achieved by studying
   how a certain two-dimensional renewal process interacts with a union of
   triangles assoc. to a given freq.."
   -- 1909.03562@[arXiv]['21].
   Also see CP@[wikip]['21].
   [Also search for: Collatz problem].

%T M. Hutson
%T Robo-writers: the rise and risks of language-generating AI
%J Nature
%M MAR
%D 2021
%K news, views, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, AI, GPT 3, GPT3, robo writer,
   emulating, imitating, funny, haha, ha ha, spoof, satire, natural language,
   generator, deep, model, risks
%X "... the latest and most powerful in a series of 'large language models':
   AIs that generate fluent streams of text after imbibing billions of words
   from books, articles and websites. GPT-3 had been trained on around 200
   billion words, at an estimated cost of tens of millions of dollars. ..."
   -- [doi:10.1038/d41586-021-00530-0]['21].
   [Also search for: GPT]  and  [also search for: postmodernism].

%A G. Cabanac
%A C. Labbe
%A A. Magazinov
%T Tortured phrases: A dubious writing style emerging in science. Evidence of
   critical issues affecting established journals
%J arXiv
%J JUL
%D 2021
%K TR, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, academic, research, misconduct, fraud,
   plagiarism, AI generated, GPT 3, GPT3, robo writer, tortured phrases, weird,
   colossal information, profound neural organization, journal, publications,
   papers, fake, scientific literature, editorial practice, peer review,
   journal, refereeing
%X "... Now more complex AI-powered generation techniques produce texts
   indistinguishable from that of humans & the generation of scientific texts
   from a few keywords has been documented. Our study introduces the concept of
   tortured phrases: unexpected weird phrases in lieu of established ones, such
   as 'counterfeit consciousness' instead of [AI]. ..."
   -- 2107.06751@[arXiv]['21].
   [Also search for: GPT3] and [also search for: peer review].

%A Xinwen Jiang
%T A polynomial time algorithm for a NPC problem
%J arXiv
%M AUG
%D 2021
%K TR, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, MSP, NP, NPC, controversial
%X "It is introduced a so called 'Multi-stage graph Simple Path' problem (MSP
   for short) & proved that SAT problem can be polynomial reducible to MSP
   problem in this small paper. To solve MSP problem, we propose a polynomial
   time alg.. Our result implies NP=P."
   -- 2108.03877@[arXiv]['21].
   [(?breakthrough or crash and burn?-)]

%A R. Lewis
%A D. Thiruvady
%A K. Morgan
%T The maximum happy induced subgraph problem: Bounds and algorithms
%J Computers & Op. Res.
%V 126
%P 1-15
%V 126
%P #105114
%M FEB
%D 2021
%K jrnl, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, happy vertex, algorithm graph, maths,
   happy induced subgraph, happy vertices problem, colouring
%X "... a combinatorial opt'n problem that takes as input a g. in which some of
   the vertices have been preassigned to colours. The aim is to then identify
   the largest induced subg. in which all remaining vs. are able to assume the
   same colour as all of their neighbours. ... shares similarities with the
   g.colouring problem, vertex cut problems, & the maximum happy vertices
   problem. It is NP-hard in general. ... we derive a # of upper & lwbs & also
   show how certain problem instances can be broken up into smaller subproblems.
   ... propose one exact & two heuristic algs. ... & use these to investigate
   the factors that make some problem instances more difficult to solve than
   others."
   -- [doi:10.1016/j.cor.2020.105114]['21].

%A C. Alos-Ferrer
%A J. García-Segarra
%A A. Ritschel
%T Generous with individuals and selfish to the masses
%J NatureHumanBehaviour
%P 1-9
%M JUL
%D 2021
%K eJrnl, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, human behaviour, generosity, theft,
   big robber, Dictator, Ultimatum, Trust, games, selfish, selfishness, charity,
   prosocial, altruism, antisocial, cooperation
%X "... We design an experimental setting, the 'Big Robber' game, where a
   'robber' can obtain a large personal gain by appropriating the earnings of a
   large group of 'victims'. In a large lab. experiment (N=640), more than half
   of all robbers took as much as poss. & almost nobody declined to rob. However
   the same participants simultaneously displayed std, predominantly prosocial
   behaviour in Dictator, Ultimatum & Trust games. Thus, we provide direct
   empirical evidence showing that individual selfishness in high-impact
   decisions affecting a large group is compatible with prosociality in
   bilateral low-stakes interactions. That is, human beings can simultaneously
   be generous with others and selfish with large groups."
   -- [doi:10.1038/s41562-021-01170-0]['21].
   [Also search for: cooperation human behaviour].

%A W. H. Zurek
%T Environment-induced superselection rules
%J Phys. Rev. D
%V 26
%N 1862
%M OCT
%D 1982
%K eJrnl, c1982, c198x, c19xx, zz0821, physics, quantum mechanics, system,
   apparatus, measurement, observable
%X "We show how the correlations of a q.system with other q.systems may cause
   one of its observables to behave in a classical manner. In particular,
   'reduction of the wave packet,' postulated by von Neumann to explain
   definiteness of an outcome of an individual observation, can be explained
   when a realistic model of an apparatus is adopted. Instead of an isolated
   q.apparatus with a # of states equal to the # of possible distinct outcomes
   of the measurement, discussed by von N., we consider an apparatus interacting
   with other physical systems, described here summarily as 'environment.' ..."
   -- [doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.26.1862]['21].

%A S. Gerlich
%A et al
%T A Kapitza-Dirac-Talbot-Lau interferometer for highly polarizable molecules
%J NaturePhysics
%V 3
%P 711-715
%D 2007
%K eJrnl, physics, c2007, c200x, c20xx, zz0821, particle, molecule, wave,
   matter, quantum mechanics, interference
%X "... Here, we describe the first experimental realization of a new set-up
   that solves this problem [the strongly dispersive effect of the interaction
   between the diffracted molecule & the grating wall] by combining the
   advantages of a so-called Talbot-Lau interferometer with the benefits of an
   optical phase grating."
   -- [doi:10.1038/nphys701]['21].
   [Also search for: quantum molecule wave].

%A M. Zwolak
%A H. T. Quan
%A W. H. Zurek
%T Quantum Darwinism in a hazy environment
%J arXiv
%M OCT
%D 2009
%K TR, c2009, c200x, c20xx, zz0821, physics, quantum Darwinism, weirdness,
   observer, measurement
%X "Q.Darwinism recognizes that we - the observers - acquire our info about the
   'systems of interest' indirectly from their imprints on the environment.
   Here, we show that info about a system can be acquired from a mixed-state, or
   hazy, environment, but the storage capacity of an environment fragment is
   suppressed by its initial entropy. In the case of good decoherence, the
   mutual info between the system & the fragment is given solely by the
   fragment's entropy increase. For fairly mixed environments, this means a
   reduction by a factor 1-h, where h is the haziness of the env., i.e., the
   initial entropy of an env. qubit. Thus, even such hazy envs. eventually
   reveal the state of the system, although now the intercepted env. fragment
   must be larger by ~1/(1-h) to gain the same information about the system."
   -- [arXiv]['21],
      auth3@[lanl]['21].

%A Y. Y. Fein
%A et al
%T Quantum superposition of molecules beyond 25 kDa
%J NaturePhysics
%V 15
%P 1242-1245
%M SEP
%D 2019
%K eJrnl, physics, c2019, c201x, c20xx, zz0821, quantum, mechanics, particle,
   wave, duality, matter, large, molecule, interference
%X "Matter-wave interference experiments ... By increasing the mass of the
   interfering particles ... stringent bounds can be placed on modified q.
   theories such as objective collapse models. ... report interference of a
   molecular library of functionalized oligoporphyrins with masses beyond
   25,000 Da & consisting of up to 2,000 atoms ... results show excellent
   agreement with q.theory & cannot be explained classically. The interference
   fringes reach more than 90% of the expected visibility & the resulting
   macroscopicity value of 14.1 represents an order of magnitude increase over
   previous experiments."
   -- [doi:10.1038/s41567-019-0663-9]['21].
   [Also search for: quantum molecule wave].

%A N. Wolchover
%T Eternal change for no energy: A time crystal finally made real[1]
%J QuantaMagazine
%M JUL
%D 2021
%K news, views, c2021. c202x, c20xx, zz0821, physics, time crystal, Floquet,
   quantum, computing, qubits
%X "... A novel phase of matter that physicists have strived to realize for many
   years, a time crystal is an object whose parts move in a regular, repeating
   cycle, sustaining this constant change without burning any energy. ...
   The time crystal is a new category of phases of matter, expanding the defn of
   what a phase is. ... On July 5, a team based at the Delft Uni. of Tech.[2] in
   the [,n]] reported that they built a Floquet time crystal not in a
   q.processor, but out of the nuclear spins of carbon atoms in a diamond. ..."
   -- [www]['21].
   [1] 2107.13571@[arXiv]['21].
   [2] 2107.00736@[arXiv]['21].
   [Also search for: physics time].

%A J. H. Conway
%T FRACTRAN: A simple universal programming language for arithmetic
%B Open Problems in Communication and Computation
%I Springer Verlag
%P 4–26
%D 1987
%K c1987, c198x, c19xx, zz0821, John Horton Conway, JHC, FRACTRAN, PLD,
   game, computing, complete, integers
%X "To play the fraction game corresponding to a given list f1,f2,...,fk of
   fractions & starting int. N, you repeatedly multiply the int. you have at any
   stage (initially N) by the earliest f_i in the list for which the answer is
   integral. Whenever there is no such f_i, the game stops."
   -- [doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-4808-8_2]['21].
   Also see F@[wikip]['21].

%A C. Helbling
%A F. Aksoy
%T Solving the funarg problem with static types
%X arXiv
%M AUG
%D 2021
%K TR, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, programming language, funarg, closure,
   thunk, heap, stack, type, prenex, Juniper, Arduino, FP
%X "The difficulty assoc. with storing closures in a stack-based environment is
   known as the funarg problem. ... 1st identified with ... Lisp in the 1970s
   ... The modern soln ... is to allocate closures on the heap, or to apply
   static analysis to determine when cs. can be stack allocated. ...  embedded
   sys. often have limited memory resources where heap allocation may cause
   memory fragmentation. We present a simple extension to the prenex fragment of
   System F that allows closures to be stack-allocated. ...  [eg] in the Juniper
   functional reactive p.l., which is designed to run on extremely resource
   limited Arduino devices. We also discuss other solns present in other p.ls
   that solve the funarg problem but haven't been formally discussed in the
   literature."
   -- 2108.07389@[arXiv]['21].

%A K. A. Zweig
%T Watching the watchers: Epstein and Robertson's "Search Engine Manipulation
   Effect"
%I AlgorithmWatch
%M APR
%D  2017
%K TR, c2017, c201x, c20xx, zz0821, Epstein, Robertson, web, www, internet,
   google, search engine, results, rank, ranking, bias, society, social,
   politics, election, news, curating
%X "... In July, 2015, Epstein & Robertson published a widely acknowledged study
   on how much a biased search engine result ranking can shift undecided voters
   towards one candidate ... In this article, I will show that the results are
   strongly exaggerated because they are based on a measure which sums up the
   effects of biasing the results for all candidates instead of averaging them
   or stating the range of possible effects. In the most realistic of the three
   studies conducted by E&R, the single effects are within the range of 2-4%.
   This is still an important effect, especially for elections which are as
   close as the ones often seen in the USA but less worrying for European
   countries with multiple parties."
   -- [www]['21]
   Also see the ABC@[www][5/8/2021].
   [Also search for: society web].

%A A. Papasavva
%A J. Blackburn
%A G. Stringhini
%A S. Zannettou
%A E. De Cristofaro
%T "Is it a Qoincidence?": An exploratory study of QAnon on Voat
%J Proc. the Web Conf.
%P 460-471
%M APR
%D 2021
%K conf, c2021, c202x, c20xx, zz0821, web, www, internet, social media, Voat,
   voat.co, QQ, Qanon, drops, Trumpery, pizzaGate, 4Chan, greatAwakening,
   awakening, conspiracy theory, theories, USA, fake news
%X "Online fringe communities offer fertile grounds to users seeking & sharing
   ideas fueling ... & conspiracy theories. ... the QAnon conspiracy theory
   emerged in 2017 on 4chan, broadly supporting the idea that powerful
   politicians, aristocrats, & celebrities are closely engaged in a global
   pedophile ring. Simultaneously, governments are thought to be controlled by
   'puppet masters,' as democratically elected officials serve as a fake
   showroom of democracy."
   -- [doi:10.1145/3442381.3450036]['21] and
      2009.04885@[arXiv]['21].
   [Also search for: conspiracy theory].


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